Every ecosystem has its own complex set of ecosystem-based functions.


The PEF studies the environmental aspects and potential impacts throughout the entire product life cycle.


The Lead Partner is the Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari and Perfezionamento Sant’Anna (SSSUP) (School of Advanced Studies – Pisa)


The Project Aim

To support the forestry systems in CO2 storage and in preventing fire and windthrow risks by:

  • Identifying a set of ecosystem services and assessing their benefits;
  • Improving forestry and forest-based industry systems;
  • Creating an ecosystem credit to finance the same ecosystem services.

The main forecasted results concern the environmental and socio-economic impacts of the LIFE CO2PES&PEF Project which will contribute to improving forestry management by increasing CO2 absorption, mitigating hydrogeological risks and preventing fire and windthrow risks that would result in additional CO2 emissions.

The Consorzio “Comunalie” Parmensi, a forestry area in the Emilia Romagna Region of about 8,000 hectares, 2,000 being PEFC certified.

The Borgotaro Mushroom IGP – The only mushroom recognised at a European level, resulting from a sustainable and effective management of its woodland area in a spectacular centuries-old beech forest. Credits – Antonio Mortali

The Fusine Regional Zone, a forestry area of the Friuli Venezia Giulia Autonomous Region of 2,000 hectares, PEFC certified.

Upper Lake of Fusine – Friuli Venezia Giulia – view of the Alpe Vecchia. Credits – Giorgio Comuzzi

Forlivese Regional Forest, a forestry area of the Emilia Romagna Region of 24,000 hectares which also include park areas.

Regional forests of the Emilia Romagna Region – Galeata (FC). Credits – Giorgio Vacchiano